TECHNOLOGY & LAW
Autonomous weapons systems: ICRC shows concern
The use of computer programs and AI to run killer robots in armed conflicts is posing an immense threat to global stability under the current regime of International Humanitarian Law. US, South Korea and Israel are working in the area of fully automation of weapons to make their armies more effective. International Committee of the Red Cross has expressed its reservations on the issues and many countries believe that a treaty regarding the regulation of such weapons is needed to make sure they comply with principles of International Humanitarian Law and help establish necessity and proportionality of the use of these weapons.
Image : ICRC
Class Action Law Suit against Marriott International
International hospitality chain Marriott International was involved in a massive data breach leading to theft of personal data of around 300 million guests who have stayed in Marriott owned properties. Marriott disclosed that credit card details, passport numbers and the date of birth of more than 300 million people from its global database has been stolen by the hackers. Post initial investigation, it was ascertained that the breach is continuous in nature and was regularly happening since 2014. The courts, and fraternity is of the opinion that this case shows negligence on the part of Marriott with respect to rules as prescribed by GDPR and therefore a hefty fine must be imposed in consonance with the same.
Image : Computing.co
RESPECT OF PRIVACY- A VITAL RULE FOR OF DRONE TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA
In recent times, India is moving ahead with the use of drone technology. The Ministry of Civil Aviation in June 2020 released the Draft Unmanned Aircraft System Rules, which lists out rules and policies for drone manufacturers and operators. Rule 35 (1) of the draft mandates “Privacy by Design” for the use of this technology by operators and manufacturers. It states the essential requirement of using this technology includes compliance with privacy and data protection responsibilities. This compliance is necessary for the design, hardware, and software of the unmanned aircraft system. Hence, there are attempts to respect the right to privacy while laying down the procedure and usage of drone technology in India.
Image: The Indian Express
INTRODUCTION OF FACELESS ASSESSMENT OF INCOME TAX IN INDIA
The government recently introduced the system of faceless assessment of income tax which means a person will have no face to face contact with his assessing officer. The assessment will happen in a different city altogether through electronic means. Experts say, this reform will shake quite a few things in the IT department and might alleviate the corruption and bribery rampant in the department. However, there are many legal challenges involved such as rendering of many departments and positions in the department as obsolete. It is being apprehended that such digitalisation might lead to layoffs or reduction in employment opportunities.
Image: The Hindu Business Line